TERRORISMO E DISOCCUPAZIONE

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È il momento del dolore, ma permettetemi un’osservazione.

In queste occasioni i politici tendono ad enfatizzare il classico “loro” contro di “noi”, con le solite frasi di rito del tipo “Loro ci vogliono togliere la libertà”. Lo si sente ogni volta che tragici fatti come quelli di oggi accadono. Vero – un rischio di riduzione di alcune libertà ci sarebbe se, ad esempio, venissero introdotte restrizioni per prevenire attacchi terroristitici molto drastiche, come il chiudere le frontiere interne, quindi meno libertà (o facilità) di movimento, di andare a scuola, di farsi curare. Molto più difficile togliere la libertà di pensiero (l’unico modo di fare questo è uccidere una persona, si pensi, banalmente, a Socrate), e, ormai, di espressione (parlando di Occidente).

Allora, i giornalisti chiedono: come si possono sconfiggere questi terroristi?

Sappiamo che molti di questi terroristi responsabili di attacchi in Europa erano/sono europei. L’asse terroristico Parigi-Bruxelles è formato da giovani cresciuti nei quartieri più poveri delle due città, quelli che ti offrono meno possibilità di ottenere una buona istruzione, o un lavoro.

Nella zona euro, che comprende attualmente 19 Paesi, si è registrato nel 2014 un tasso di disoccupazione pari all’11,4%.

Ovvero 38,76 milioni di disoccupati su 340 milioni di abitanti.

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INTENTION IS TRUTH, NOT OUTCOME

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Intention is everything, and people individually and collectively are smart enough to see right through you if you appear false to them – if you appear to have a hidden agenda, if you’re saying one thing but really mean another. Having a clear intention about your goal and making that goal about truth rather than outcome will make you a successful, effective advocate 100 per cent of the time.

#thoughtoftheday #InternationalDevelopement #Cooperation

 

DON’T ASK ME WHERE I’M FROM

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The hardest question for me to answer when I meet someone is: where are you from. Truly. I was born in Heidelberg, Germany, and grew up in Turin, Italy. I spent my 20s in London, UK, where I graduated and began my professional journey, to then work and live in several other countries. I have Italian origins, but my biological family now lives between the USA and Greece. Some call me Italian. Some English or German. Some others yet, multinational, or a global citizen.

Naturally, I was very intrigued when I recently watched a TED speech by Taiye Selasi (a writer and photographer), as she analyzes exactly that sentiment when it comes to defining origins: countries are not absolute, they are a concept – they appear and disappear.

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WHY SO MANY FOOD PROGRAMS?

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THE CULTURAL MEANINGS OF FOOD AND EATING CONVENTIONS ANALYZED THROUGH ANTHROPOLOGICAL CONCEPTIONS OF CULTURE.

1) Following R. Benedict’s definition of anthropology as “the study of human beings as creatures of society. It fastens its attention upon those physical characteristics and industrial techniques, those conventions and values, which distinguish one community from all others that belong to a different tradition”, in these notes I will try to analyse the conventions of food and eating. I find the topic most interesting, in that it asks to discuss a matter that offers a number of insights into human societies, and its symbols and meanings. Food is everywhere… food, and the way, and the reason why, too, we eat certain foods, in certain contexts.

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IS SEXUAL IDENTITY THE PRODUCT OF A CULTURAL SYSTEM?

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You cannot learn, through common sense, how things are: you can only discover where they fit into the existing scheme of things.
Hebdige, D. Subculture, the Meaning of Style

“There is no such thing as a human nature independent of culture. Men without culture would not be the clever savages of Golding’s Lord of the Flies thrown back upon the cruel wisdom of their animal instinct; nor would they be nature’s noblemen of enlightenment primitivism or even as classical anthropological theory would imply, intrinsically talented apes who had somehow failed to find themselves. They would be unworkable monstrosities with very few useful instincts, fewer recognisable sentiments and no intellect: mental basket cases”.

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EASY RIDER AND THE AMERICAN SUBLIME

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ON THE ROAD

Easy Rider is about the search for happiness. Such search goes beyond the search for freedom – Easy Rider searches for what makes us full of emotions when we travel across countries on a motorbike. Towards the end Wyatt realises they blew it – they got it wrong, happiness is not where they thought it was; Wyatt wakes up to the awareness that they were searching for the illusion of freedom. Their freedom will be taken away from them. Freedom they already had, we are born with it and nothing can take it away from us, only our judgements can (on, for example, the importance of money). What they were looking for were the best conditions to implement that freedom.

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CITIZEN OR CONSUMER?

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IN TERMS OF POLITICAL COMMUNICATIONS, DO YOU SEE YOURSELF AS A CITIZEN OR A CONSUMER?
HOW DOES THIS RELATE TO WIDER QUESTIONS ABOUT PUBLIC SERVICE AND SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY OF THE MEDIA, AGAINST THE IDEA OF THE FREE MARKET?

“… when asked for his opinion of European civilisation, Mahatma Gandhi reported to have replied only that he thought that ‘it would be a very good idea’”
(Spaces of Identity, p. 43)

THE CITIZEN – THE BRAVE STUDENT
Tienanmen Square – is that what it takes today to be a citizen? And what is even scarier, did those tanks stop because they were afraid of killing that one fantastically brave man, or did they rather stop because they were scared of the cameras that were filming the scene? Was it a victory of the human being, or a victory of the media?

THE CONSUMER – ANDY WARHOL

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THAT FINAL CORE OF UNCERTAINTY AT THE HEART OF THINGS

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“… that final core of uncertainty at the heart of things” are the concluding words of Michael Frayan’s play, Copenhagen. by reflecting on the play and on the implications of Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle we consider the notion of uncertainty as product of enlightenment rationality in particular and of modern society in general. Or is Frayn saying that uncertainty lies at the centre of all human existence?

‘MARGRETHE Some questions remain long after their owners have died. Lingering like ghosts. Looking for the answer they never found in life.
BOHR Some questions have no answers to find.’[1]

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POSTMODERINTY & THE ILLUSION OF PROGRESS

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“To be modern is to find ourselves in an environment that promises us adventure, power, joy, growth, transformation of ourselves and the world – and at the same time, that threatens to destroy everything we know, everything we are. Modern environment and experiences cut across boundaries of geography and ethnicity, of class and nationality, of religion and ideology: in this sense modernity can be said to unite all mankind. But it is a paradoxical unity, a unity of disunity: it pours us all into a maelstrom of perpetual disintegration and renewal, of struggle and contradiction”.

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